The disease is caused by a fungus that is resistant to all available antibiotics, a study in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene has found.
The fungus, known as Astragonia contraindos, was first discovered in New Zealand in 2000 and became widely known to Australian medical professionals in the early 2000s.
But the researchers behind the study said they did not know of any other species that was resistant to the drug azithromycin, and they were unsure whether the resistance could be spread.
They say that is likely because Astraga contraindioses occur more often in women.
“This means that it is likely that the majority of patients with Astraggia contrainingus also have a prior history of having an abnormal vaginal environment,” the researchers wrote in the journal, the Journal of Medical Virology.
“The clinical characteristics of patients who have Astraginia contrinitis are similar to those of patients suffering from Astragra contraindis.
The most striking feature of Astraggera contrainitis is the lack of clinical symptoms.”
The researchers say that, while Astragaras contrainnos infections are typically severe and disabling, they have a lower incidence of complications, and their survival rate is higher.
They also say that it’s not yet clear why Astragnas contrainingioses cause a different reaction in women and men, but they suspect it could be linked to the difference in bacterial species between the two groups.
The study was funded by the Australian Research Council, the Australian Government and the New Zealand Government.